Early history[ edit ] The earliest mention of baseball in the U. But baseball executive Albert Spalding disagreed.
Introduction[ edit ] The 19th century was a period of enormous development and growth for baseball. While there are sporadic references to baseball before the 19th Century, and many more references to broadly similar games, baseball certainly did not exsist as a single game with a coherent set of rules at the beginning of the period.
By the end of the century, baseball was solidly entrenched. It was considered the American national pastime, was represented by several professional leagues and many more amateur ones, and had been spread outside the United States most notably to CanadaCubaMexicoand Japan.
Early History[ edit ] Baseball is now generally believed to have developed from earlier bat-and-ball games, such as stool ball and rounders, and possibly from base games, such as tag.
At the beginning of the 19th Century there were numerous games of the same general type, such as one-o-cat. Perhaps the most important was town ball. Town ball was broadly similar to modern baseball, but was unstandardized, without a defined field size or number of players on a team.
Town ball also allowed runners to be retired by "soaking", or being hit by a thrown ball. Town ball remained popular in New England for longer than the rest of the country, and was sometimes known as the Boston game or Massachusetts game.
Modern baseball derives from the New York game. Starting inthe New York Knickerbockers drew up a set of formal rules for their club games.
The Knickerbockers were well organized, socially prestigious, and favored rules that made the game more formal and regular. Their organization and prestige led other New York area teams to adopt the Knickerbocker rules.
Like much of societal change in the midth Century, this was immensely accelerated by the Civil War. The war threw together troops from across the country, who were then forced to reconcile the differences in their regional customs.
The widely-differing baseball rules accepted in different areas were no exception, and the well-organized NABBP rules proved to be a convenient solution to the need for standardization.
Soldiers returning from the war - and the Civil War recruiting system meant that many soldiers returned long before the war was over - brought the New York rules home with them.
Baseball even crossed the battle lines and established itself with Confederate troops. By the end of the War, the NABBP had grown from 16 to over member clubs, and by it had swelled to more thanincluding teams from California and Louisiana. The War was not the only thing pushing the growth of the game.
In New York, baseball was popular enough that park owners began to charge admission to games. The Union Grounds and Capitoline Grounds in Brooklyn were completely enclosed by fences, allowing their owners to keep out passers-by and charge fans for the privilege of watching games.
The injection of profit into the game led almost inevitably to the growth of professionalism.
Teams would split admission proceeds with the park owners, and some of the money was used to pay top players. That year, the organizers of the Cincinnati Red Stockings including Harry Wrightwith financial help from Aaron Champion decided to renounce the pretense of amateurism and tour the country as an openly professional team.
Their open professionalism was a challenge to the NABBP, which grudgingly adopted a new professional category. They finished the season undefeated, and their tour gave the game a tremendous popularity boost. The unbeaten streak continued into before ending at the hands of the also openly professional Brooklyn Atlantics.
By the end of the season, the Red Stockings had lost several more times, but the idea of professional competition was established. The National Association[ edit ] The public success of the Red Stockings encouraged other professional teams to establish a national professional championship.
Representatives of 10 clubs met on St. Perhaps tellingly, the Cincinnati Red Stockings were not members of the new association; they had failed to profit from their on-field success and reverted to amateur status after their tour.
Structurally, the NA more closely resembled the loose amateur organizations that preceeded it than a modern league.
It was organized as a loose confederation of professional teams without any central leadership like a modern league office. Instead, central decisions were made at an annual meeting of the member teams, with membership open to any team willing to pay nominal dues.
Teams were free to create their own schedules and play against any opponents they chose.Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat.
The objectives of the offensive team (batting team) are to hit the ball into the field of play, and to run the bases—having its runners advance.
As it turns out, the real history of baseball is a little more complicated than the Doubleday legend. References to games resembling baseball in the United States date back to the 18th century. The history of baseball in the United States can be traced to the 19th century, when amateurs played a baseball-like game by their own informal rules using homemade equipment.
The popularity of the sport inspired the semi-pro national baseball clubs in the s. Introduction in the 19th Century Forms of Baseball have been played in the United Kingdom since at least the 18th century, and the traditional game of British Baseball continues in Wales and Merseyside.
Ice cream Food historians tell us the history of ice cream begins with ancient flavored ices. The Chinese are generally credited for creating the first ice creams, possibly as early as BC. As it turns out, the real history of baseball is a little more complicated than the Doubleday legend.
References to games resembling baseball in the United States date back to the 18th century. Its most direct ancestors appear to be two English games: rounders (a children’s game brought to New England by the earliest colonists) and cricket.