An overview of arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis Reactive arthritis The most prevalent form of arthritis is osteoarthritis OA. Approximately 21 million people in the United States are diagnosed with OA. This condition is most common in women over the age of 60; however, in those under the age of 55, more men than women develop OA. In general, OA that develops after years of wear and tear is called primary osteoarthritis.

An overview of arthritis

Arthritis - Wikipedia

With rheumatoid arthritis, the synovial membrane that protects and lubricates joints becomes inflamed, causing pain and swelling. Joint erosion may follow. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system attacks the synovium — the lining of the membranes that surround your joints.

The resulting inflammation thickens the synovium, which can eventually destroy the cartilage and bone within the joint. The tendons and ligaments that hold the joint together weaken and stretch.

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Gradually, the joint loses its shape and alignment. Doctors don't know what starts this process, although a genetic component appears likely. While your genes don't actually cause rheumatoid arthritis, they can make you more susceptible to environmental factors — such as infection with certain viruses and bacteria — that may trigger the disease.

Risk factors Factors that may increase your risk of rheumatoid arthritis include: Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age, but it most commonly begins between the ages of 40 An overview of arthritis If a member of your family has rheumatoid arthritis, you may have an increased risk of the disease. Cigarette smoking increases your risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, particularly if you have a genetic predisposition for developing the disease.

Smoking also appears to be associated with greater disease severity.

An overview of arthritis

Although uncertain and poorly understood, some exposures such as asbestos or silica may increase the risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis. Emergency workers exposed to dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center are at higher risk of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

People who are overweight or obese appear to be at somewhat higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, especially in women diagnosed with the disease when they were 55 or younger. Complications Rheumatoid arthritis increases your risk of developing: Rheumatoid arthritis itself, along with some medications used for treating rheumatoid arthritis, can increase your risk of osteoporosis — a condition that weakens your bones and makes them more prone to fracture.

These firm bumps of tissue most commonly form around pressure points, such as the elbows. However, these nodules can form anywhere in the body, including the lungs.

Dry eyes and mouth. People who have rheumatoid arthritis are much more likely to experience Sjogren's syndrome, a disorder that decreases the amount of moisture in your eyes and mouth. The disease itself and many of the medications used to combat rheumatoid arthritis can impair the immune system, leading to increased infections.

The proportion of fat compared to lean mass is often higher in people who have rheumatoid arthritis, even in people who have a normal body mass index BMI. If rheumatoid arthritis affects your wrists, the inflammation can compress the nerve that serves most of your hand and fingers.

Rheumatoid arthritis can increase your risk of hardened and blocked arteries, as well as inflammation of the sac that encloses your heart. People with rheumatoid arthritis have an increased risk of inflammation and scarring of the lung tissues, which can lead to progressive shortness of breath.

Rheumatoid arthritis increases the risk of lymphoma, a group of blood cancers that develop in the lymph system. The Mayo Clinic experience and patient stories Our patients tell us that the quality of their interactions, our attention to detail and the efficiency of their visits mean health care like they've never experienced.

See the stories of satisfied Mayo Clinic patients.Overview of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation in the lining of the joint capsule (synovium) and the lining of initiativeblog.com is a serious and often disabling condition that can cause .

In my last two articles, I discussed the bones and joints. Now I would like to go over some of the common diseases that plague the skeletal system. It is important to be aware of some of these conditions for two reasons: it is likely you will be affected one day or already are.

Arthritis [ ]. Overview of Viral Arthritis in Poultry Reovirus infections are ubiquitous in commercial poultry flocks. They are global in distribution, although the virulence of viruses appears to differ between regions. OrthoRegen specializes in Stem Cell, PRP, Prolotherapy, Arthritis Treatment, in Los Angeles and Santa Monica, CA.

Unlike OA, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. In patients with RA, the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy joint tissue as if it were an infection or invading organism.

This immune response and the damage it causes lead to joint stiffness, pain, and inflammation. Jun 06,  · Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease of unknown cause. An external trigger (eg, cigarette smoking, infection, or trauma) that triggers an autoimmune reaction, leading to synovial hypertrophy and chronic joint .

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