The image on the screen stops, freezes and becomes a still shot.
ISBN ] [ Source: The Lucidity Institute ] Chapter 8: Function And Meaning Why do we have dreams and what do they mean? These questions have for centuries been the subject of a debate that has recently become the center of a heated controversy.
In one camp we have a number of prominent scientists who argue that we dream for physiological reasons alone and that dreams are essentially mental nonsense devoid of psychological meaning: This camp takes its credo from the Talmudic aphorism that "an uninterpreted dream is like an unopened letter.
Its proponents argue that dreams may have both physiological and psychological determinants, and therefore can be either meaningful or meaningless, varying greatly in terms of psychological significance. This middle position is where I find myself most comfortable.
I agree with Sir Richard Burton that "Truth is the shattered mirror strown in myriad bits; while each believes his little bit the whole to own. Although people have argued for many centuries over whether dreams represent the addle-minded children of an idle brain, the heaven-sent embodiment of wisdom, or something in between, we will confine our discussion to "scientific" theories of dreaming at least as modern as the 20th century.
So then, let us start with Dr. We know today that the nervous system contains two types of nerve cells excitatory and inhibitory. Both types discharge and transmit electrochemical impulses to other neurons.
Both do this spontaneously, without any kind of outside stimuli, as well as when they themselves receive excitatory impulses from other cells. However, one critical difference between these two types of neurons is that one type, called "excitatory" transmits impulses to other neurons which causes increased nervous activity or "excitation" in them.
The other type of neurons is called "inhibitory," because they send messages to other neurons that cause decreased activity or "inhibition.
Generally, the inhibitory neurons play a more important role in the higher functions of the brain. Before developing his theory of dreams, Dr. Freud had intensively studied neurobiology. But, in his time, only the process of excitation had been discovered; the process of inhibition was not yet known.
Based on the assumption of a completely excitatory nervous system, Freud reasoned that nervous, or in his terms, "psychic," energy could therefore only be discharged by means of motor action. This meant that once you got a notion in your head, it was doomed to run around in there forever until you finally decided to do something about it.
Or, alternatively, until it found a way to trick you into unconsciously expressing it in some unintended action like the famous "Freudian slip. Let us imagine what might have happened if you were somehow able to ask the master himself why you had a particular dream. Freud, we may speculate, might have answered something like this: In the first place, we may be sure that something happened to you a day or two before the dream and that this "day residue"--as we call it--stirred up one of the many repressed wishes that you try to keep closeted away in your unconscious.
But, when you drifted off to sleep with no other wish in your conscious mind than to sleep, you withdrew your attention from the external world, setting the stage for your day residue and associated unconscious wish to step forward, demanding satisfaction. All this requires the cooperation of the chief executive of your conscious mind, the ego.
And that was as it should be!
But now and then, by the power of association, the events of the preceding day, in the form of day residues, dredge up these repressed wishes.
Naturally, they seek a way to even partial fulfillment. That is what your day residue and repressed wish were doing, knocking on the door of the ego. Fortunately, you were able to continue to sleep, thanks to your dream doing its job. Thus transformed into a superficially presentable image, your wish was able to get by the censor and find expression in the your dreams.
Freud might well have said, "you had that dream; and please note," he might not have been able to resist continuing, "that your dream killed two birds with one stone: But that brings us no closer to answering your original question, and you might well ask:Good dialogue illuminates your characters, moves your plot forward, and develops relationships.
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The first challenge in the dialogue lab is about exploring the details behind the words--the para-dialogue, if you initiativeblog.com is so much more to this than “he said,” “she said." Often this kind of description will set up the dialogue, let us know something of the people and the tensions.
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Humans are and can be storytellers. But when it comes to writing a good story, you may feel stumped, even if you have a vivid imagination and a million great ideas. You want to create something original, not a.